When it comes to roofing materials, the most popular choices for homeowners are asphalt shingles. They provide durability, affordability, and aesthetic appeal. But have you ever wondered about the inner shingle parts? This detailed article will explore the three asphalt shingle roof components: the mat base, coating, and granule surface. 

Let's unravel the science of coating and craftsmanship behind these essential roofing elements. From the weather-resistant outer layer to the adhesive that holds them together and even what shingles are made of,  we'll explore how these parts work harmoniously to create a reliable and attractive roofing solution.

What Are Three Parts of an Asphalt Shingle?

1. The Mat Base

The mat base is at the core of every asphalt shingle, a foundational layer that provides structural integrity. This mat is typically crafted from fiberglass, organic felt, or a blend of the two. The choice of material affects the shingle's overall strength and durability. 

Fiberglass offers excellent fire resistance and dimensional stability, while organic felt provides a more traditional feel and enhanced flexibility. This layer acts as the canvas for the asphalt and granules that follow, ensuring the shingle's ability to withstand various weather conditions.

2. The Asphalt Coating

The asphalt coating is a vital layer and one of the important components of a shingle roof. It serves as the shield of the shingle from the elements. Asphalt is a viscous, sticky substance that effectively adheres the granules to the mat base while offering waterproofing properties. 

This coating enhances the shingle's waterproofing abilities and overall resilience. It acts as a barrier against heavy rain, snow, and other environmental factors, ensuring the shingle's longevity and performance over time.

3. The Granule Surface

The outer layer of asphalt shingles, known as the granule surface, serves as both the attractive face and the shield of these roofing materials. These granules, typically crafted from crushed minerals and ceramics embedded in the asphalt covering, come in various colors and styles, enabling homeowners to pick shingles that enhance the look of their homes. 

However, these granules are more than looks – they have an important job. By reflecting harmful UV rays, preventing early wear, and even resisting fires, they significantly contribute to the endurance and safety of the shingles. 

This protective outer layer plays a vital role in preserving the shingles' appearance and safeguarding them from the unforgiving effects of the sun and other external forces. Now, when it comes to cleaning asphalt shingles, it's essential to treat them gently to ensure their longevity and continued protection.

Enhancing Your Roofing Knowledge

How are Asphalt Roofing Shingles Made?

The manufacturing process of asphalt shingles involves multiple steps to create the final product. If you're wondering what are asphalt shingles made of? Then here it is. The mat base is first coated with asphalt, and granules are embedded into the asphalt coating. The shingles are then cut into individual pieces and packaged for distribution. This intricate process ensures that each shingle is uniform in quality and appearance, providing consistent performance across the entire roof.

Advantages of Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles offer several advantages that make them a popular roofing choice. One is you can apply paint to your roof to add curb appeal. It's easy to install, and when it comes to repair, roofing contractors can easily fix any damage on your roof since this type of roof is widely used.


Asphalt shingles are more than just the outer layer of your roof; they combine carefully engineered components that provide protection, durability, and style. Understanding the three essential parts of asphalt shingle, the mat base, asphalt coating, and granule surface, gives a well-informed decision for homeowners about their roofing needs. 

Whether you want affordability, good looks, or steady performance, asphalt shingles remain a popular pick for roofs worldwide. Don't forget, a well-kept roof boosts your home's charm and keeps your family cozy and secure for years. To make things easy and worry-free, hiring a roofing company is the smartest move to take care of your asphalt shingles.

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Our object in the construction of the state is the greatest happiness of the whole


CEO at Compaxit
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Our object in the construction of the state is the greatest happiness of the whole

MARIA Norton

CEO at Compaxit

What thay say

Our object in the construction of the state is the greatest happiness of the whole, and not that of any one class.

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